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Brazil’s highest court rejected Zika virus as a justification for abortion, reports say.

In 2015, the emerging Zika virus created panic among many when a spate of birth defects, ranging from mild to severe, called Congenital Zika Syndrome, was detected. The most prominent symptom of the disease is microcephaly, or an abnormally small head size when compared to babies of the same age, and can be tied to profound disability. 

Because of this potential for disability, the National Association of Public Defenders (ANADEP) sought to decriminalize abortion for expectant mothers diagnosed with Zika. Pro-life activists in Brazil expressed concerns that the group’s efforts sought to undermine the country’s long-established legal protections for preborn children. Abortion in Brazil remains illegal and is only decriminalized in cases involving a threat to the life of the mother, rape, or in cases of fetal anencephaly, but no other disability. 

Brazil’s Supreme Federal Tribunal held hearings on April 24, but three days before the verdict deadline of April 30th, a decisive majority of judges — 7 out of 11 — had already voted to reject the measure.

ANADEP’s proposed measure not only sought to strip the preborn of their protections, but the proposal was also based on questionable assumptions. As Raphael Câmara, an obstetrician at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, pointed out according to CNA, “recent studies show that fetuses of infected mothers are affected only 5 to 14% of the time, with the majority having mild problems, as shown by research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.”

Câmara also noted that “a study recently released by the CDC showed that 73% of Brazilian labs have a low accuracy rate for diagnosing the Zika virus, so the request is meaningless because we cannot talk about someone ‘infected with Zika’, but rather ‘maybe infected by Zika.’”

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Date published: 02/06/2020

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